Understanding BPH & Other Prostate-Related Issues
Positioned between the bladder and the penis, the prostate is a walnut-sized gland responsible for secreting a fluid that protects sperm, and during ejaculation, is a large component of semen. As you age, your prostate gland slowly grows and adds unwanted pressure to the urethra, interfering with regular urination. Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH), commonly referred to as an enlarged prostate, non-cancerous growth on the prostate that affects 50% of men 60 years and older, and can greatly interfere with everyday function. Common symptoms include difficulty starting urination and the need to urinate frequently during the day and night.
Depending upon the severity and size of your prostate, treatment will vary. Your physician at Urology Care Center will begin with a thorough examination of your prostate in order to determine the best treatment based on your needs. Common BPH treatment options include:
- Medications to reduce the size of the prostate gland or to relax the bladder to ease urination.
- Transurethral Microwave Therapy (TUMT), a minimally-invasive procedure which involves the insertion of a small antenna through the tip of the penis to the urethra. The antenna emits energy which can eliminate enlarged tissue blocking the flow of urine.
- Photoselective Vaporization of the Prostate (PVP), a minimally-invasive laser surgery which burns away the excess prostate tissue that blocks the flow of urine through the use of a cystoscope (an imaging system similar to a small telescope).
- Prostatectomy, an open surgery used in cases of men with very large prostates or severe urinary symptoms, which removes excess prostate tissue under general anesthesia.
The health of your prostate is important to maintain. In addition to BPH treatment, the Urology Care Center also provides treatment for other prostate-related health concerns including prostatitis and prostate cancer.
- Prostate cancer affects 1 in 7 American men in their lifetime and the risk increases with age. A simple blood test, a Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA), can help detect prostate cancer early. In fact, a PSA between 4 and 10 indicates a 25% chance of prostate cancer, while a PSA greater than 10 indicates a 67% chance of prostate cancer. Receiving a yearly PSA test beginning at the age of 45 can help detect prostate cancer early, allowing you to begin effective treatment.
- Prostatitis is inflammation of the prostate which is commonly caused by an infection. Symptoms can occur suddenly and mimic conditions like a urinary tract infection or BPH. An elevated PSA can also help detect prostatitis.
The team at Urology Care Center will work with you to not only treat your prostate-related issues, but also to help lower your risk of developing them by making specific dietary and lifestyle recommendations. If you are interested in learning more about our comprehensive prostate health services, contact our offices today!